US – China Relations

Business leaders and intellectuals say one of Beijing’s toughest critics could force the country to change. Still needed: voices of support from the inside.

The New York Times
Date: April 16, 2019 
By: Li Yuan

Image CreditCreditJun Cen

Donald J. Trump has referred to China as “our enemy.” He has called it “a major threat.” “Remember,” he once wrote on Twitter, “China is not a friend of the United States!”

Some people in China have their own label for the polarizing American president: savior.

At dinner tables, in social media chats and in discreet conversations, some of the country’s intellectual and business elite are half-jokingly, half-seriously cheering on the leader who has built a large part of his political career on China-bashing.

“Only Trump can save China,” goes one quip. Others call him the “chief pressure officer” of China’s reform and opening.

Their semi-serious praise reflects the deepening despair among those in China who fear their country is on the wrong track. An aggressive outsider like President Trump, according to this thinking, can help China find its way again.    [FULL  STORY]

The Daily Signal
Date: April 17, 2019
By: James Carafano / @JJCarafano

“If our European allies decide to use 5G technology from Chinese telecom giant Huawei, it will leave them—and us—more vulnerable to the predations of both Beijing and the terrorists,” James Carafano writes. (Photo: Christophe Gateau/Picture Alliance via Getty Images)

China is an adversarial power. It seeks to advance at our expense, leaving America—and our friends and allies—less free, less prosperous, and less safe.

The same can be said of ISIS, al-Qaeda, and other transnational Islamist terrorist organizations. Beijing is not colluding with these groups, but that doesn’t matter.

If our European allies decide to use 5G technology from Chinese telecom giant Huawei, it will leave them—and us—more vulnerable to the predations of both Beijing and the terrorists.

Don’t for a moment think that the fall of the ISIS “Caliphate” means the end of terrorism. Those folks are still trying to kill us all.

The liberal Left continue to push their radical agenda against American values. The good news is there is a solution. Find out more >>

Last month, officials busted a suspected ISIS terror cell in Europe. Two Islamist terror plots were disrupted here in the U.S. in just the last few weeks. Captured ISIS computer files reportedly indicate the organization is planning a fresh wave of attacks in Europe and the Middle East—strikes similar to the 2015 atrocity in Paris that killed 130 people.
[FULL  STORY]

Fox Business News
Date: April 14, 2019
By Charlie Kirk

China is our greatest enemy.

When I first said this at an event a few years ago I was met with laughs and protests of disgust from collegeOpens a New Window. students. I was doubted and considered to be “fringe” for having this belief.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo discusses China IP theft, tariffs and the crisis on the US-Mexico border.

Now, as we stand today, when I say this on campus or at GOPOpens a New Window. meetings, I am instead met with agreement and applause. There is now widespread agreement that China is our biggest and most formidable enemy that should by no means be underestimated. They are hacking our cybergridOpens a New Window., building a massive armyOpens a New Window., purchasing assets around the globe and implementing spies throughout our country.

It begs the question, what else are they doing that we aren’t noticing?

Difficult as it may be to imagine, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)Opens a New Window. may soon allow a group of foreign satellite companies – one of whom is partially owned by our unyielding adversary, Communist China – to reap billions selling strategic American assets given to them for free.  If Republican lawmakers don’t immediately intervene, U.S. interests, and American taxpayers – especially those who reside in the rural interior – are going to lose. Big time.

At issue is the FCC’s laudable goal of increasing America’s capacity for faster and more reliable internet by freeing up the 3.7 GHz to 4.2 GHz band – commonly referred to as “C-Band” – for internet services. This repurposing of the C-Band spectrum for mobile broadband deployment could ensure America wins the race to 5G. The timing is especially welcome, given that Chinese telecommunications company, Huawei, is poised to shortly dominate half of the global 5G market – posing massive national security risks for the U.S. as we build out 5G domestically.

What isn’t welcome is the profiteering scheme recently hatched by the four satellite companies that currently own 100 percent of the C-Band spectrum over the United States, and which was licensed to them for free by our government back in the 1960s. The one firm proviso? Wield this power in the American public interest. Now those four companies – Intelsat, SES, Eutelsat and Telesat – have conspired to manufacture their own lobbying vehicle named the “C-Band Alliance” (CBA). The CBA’s sole mission is to convince the FCC to permit a dramatic subversion of the American public interest by allowing them (the CBA) to privately sell off their C-Band spectrum, reaping billions – potentially tens of billions – that rightly belong to the American people.

Compounding the outrage is the very nature of these companies, which, while nominally “American,” are in reality, anything but; they are, in fact, based on foreign soil, and owned and run by foreign investors. These include the massive Bank of Luxembourg, a myriad French and Canadian interests, as well as our committed adversary, China, through its sovereign wealth fund – the China Investment Corporation (CIC), otherwise known as the wholly-owned investment arm of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

It is safe to conclude that none of these entities would feature “America’s public interest” at the top, or even on, their priority list.    [FULL  STORY]

The New York Times
By Jane Perlez
April 14, 2019

Image Christopher Wray, the F.B.I. director, warned at a Senate Intelligence Committee hearing last year that China presented “a whole-of-society threat on their end” that required a “whole-of-society response.”CreditCreditEric Thayer for The New York Times

BEIJING — Just as he had on previous trips, Zhu Feng bolted down his lunch at a Los Angeles airport before sprinting to catch his Air China flight back to Beijing.

Suddenly, two F.B.I. agents blocked the Chinese scholar at the boarding gate and ordered him to hand over his passport. They flipped to the well-used 10-year visa to the United States and crossed out the page with a black pen.

“‘Go back to China,’” Mr. Zhu, a professor of international relations, recalled an agent telling him during that visit in January last year. “You will receive a notification.”

In the four decades since China and the United States normalized relations, Washington has generally welcomed Chinese scholars and researchers to America, even when Beijing has been less open to reciprocal visits. Republican and Democratic administrations have operated on the assumption that the national interest was well served by exposing Chinese academics to American values.

Now, that door appears to be closing, with the two nations ramping up their strategic rivalry and each regarding academic visitors from the other with greater suspicion — of espionage, commercial theft and political meddling.    [FULL  STORY]

Tesla , Apple and GE among those who say secrets were stolen

Nikkei Asian Review
Date: April 07, 2019
By: Takashi Kawakami, Nikkei staff writer

GUANGZHOU — A mounting string of allegations from the U.S. paint a damning portrait of how China’s advanced technology sector has rapidly grown due to corporate espionage.

Tesla, the latest to lodge a complaint, said in a lawsuit filed in late March that a former autonomous-driving engineer, Cao Guangzhi, illicitly obtained a trove of source code that he handed over to his new employer, the Chinese electric-vehicle startup Xpeng Motors.

This echoes criminal charges brought by the FBI against ex-Apple employee Zhang Xiaolang last July. Zhang is suspected of leaving the U.S. company with proprietary data on self-driving technology, including a 25-page schematic manual, which he gave to his new bosses at Xpeng. This January, the FBI charged yet another ex-Apple employee, Chen Jizhong, with transferring driverless trade secrets to an unidentified Chinese rival.

These are just a fraction of the corporate espionage cases involving Chinese persons and entities since last summer. In October, a senior Chinese intelligence official was arrested for trying to steal tech secrets from General Electric. The U.S. Justice Department indicted Fujian Jinhua Integrated Circuit in November, and Huawei Technologies in January.    [FULL  STORY]

But the most troubling aspect of Huawei is not its penchant for pilferage but its potential role in China’s global assault on democracy: Our view

The Editorial Board, USA TODAY
Date: March 21, 2019

The Trump administration does many things in foreign policy that are head-scratching, if not downright alarming.

Huawei store in Beijing. (Photo: Andy Wong/AP)

Its aggressive posture toward the Chinese technology equipment maker Huawei Technologies Co. is not one of them.

Recent Justice Department lawsuits against the company — one alleging various financial crimes, the other focused on intellectual property theft — appear well-founded.

The State Department’s ongoing (though apparently not particularly successful) efforts to persuade foreign nations not to build out their internet infrastructure with Huawei equipment is even sounder.

While the U.S. government’s spat with a single China-based company might seem like a small matter, it is not. This one company symbolizes the challenges presented by China’s increasing global clout: its efforts to appropriate Western technology; its use of telecom networks for both espionage and censorship; and, ultimately, its ongoing effort to extend autocratic power.

HUAWEI: Politicizing cybersecurity is a losing proposition for consumers

Founded in 1987 by a former People’s Liberation Army engineer, Huawei (pronounced Wah-way) has long received special treatment from the Chinese government and, likely, subsidies that have allowed it to undercut competitors and become the world’s largest maker of internet equipment (and the  second largest maker of cellphonesbehind Samsung).

The company has spent decades in a mad dash to catch up with competitors. In 2003, Huawei admitted to stealing Cisco Systems’ source code and has been accused of such broad-based theft that it once  copied a manual right down to the typos. Motorola has accused Huawei of recruiting its workers to pilfer property.

The suit filed by the Justice Department alleges a years-long campaign to reward Huawei workers for acquiring technology by whatever means. It focuses heavily on yet another instance of theft, involving a Huawei worker who took a T-Mobile robot from a lab in Bellevue, Washington, photographed and measured it, then returned it in what the company said was a mistake. The robot, nicknamed “Tappy,” is designed to test cellphones by mimicking the way human hands and fingers interact with them.    [FULL  STORY]

Imagine what happens next. 

The National Interest
Date: March 21, 2019  
By: Michael Peck

Now comes Admiral Lou, who represents what seems to be a growing Chinese belief that America is too weak to fight . The Chinese are certainly not the first: the Germans and Japanese thought the same in 1941 (perhaps China should remember that the Japanese thought the Chinese were weaklings in the 1930s).

Admiral Lou Yuan is China’s Curtis LeMay.

LeMay, the U.S. Air Force general who torched Japanese cities and later headed Strategic Air Command, was notorious for his bellicosity. In the 1950s and during the Cuban Missile Crisis, he tried to get the U.S. to launch a nuclear first strike against the Soviet Union: during the Vietnam War, he urged bombing North Vietnam “back to the Stone Age.”

Now comes Lou Yuan, deputy chief of the Chinese Academy of Military Sciences and a prolifically hawkish military commentator who supports a Chinese invasion of Taiwan. Last month, Yuan told an audience at a Chinese military-industrial conference that China could solve tensions over the South East China Sea by sinking two U.S. aircraft carriers .

This would kill 10,000 American sailors. “What the United States fears the most is taking casualties,” said Lou. “We’ll see how frightened America is.”

Lou has previously urged an invasion of Taiwan if the U.S. Navy uses the island, regarded by China as a renegade territory, as a naval base. “If the US naval fleet dares to stop in Taiwan, it is time for the People’s Liberation Army to deploy troops to promote national unity on the island,” he said.    [FULL  STORY]

It is safe to say that the Pentagon and Silicon Valley are very different places. But that gap could harm U.S. national security. Defense News takes an in-depth look at the problem and it could be fixed.

Defense News
March 21, 2019
By: Aaron Mehta

WASHINGTON — For the second time in a week, the Pentagon’s top uniformed officer has taken a shot at Google, warning that the tech company’s investments in China are doing long-term damage to America’s security.
But Gen. Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said he also plans to meet with the tech giant to “debate” about its roles and responsibilities as a commercial enterprise versus how much the firm owes to America as its home nation.

“In my judgment, us assisting the Chinese military in advancing technologically is not in U.S. national interests, so it’s a debate we have to have,” Dunford said at a Thursday event hosted by the Atlantic Council.
For more on the split between the tech industry and the Pentagon, click here.

His comments followed up on statements made in a Senate hearing last week, where he said Google was “indirectly benefiting the Chinese military” by its operations in the communist nation. Asked to follow up on those conversations Thursday, the chairman expressed the belief that no company can do work in China without it being siphoned off.    [FULL  STORY]

Possible?

The National Interest
Date: March 6, 2019
By: Salvatore Babones

A future battleship could respond to Chinese provocations by disabling Chinese seabed sensors or cutting Chinese undersea cables. It could survive being rammed by enemy ships—a favorite tactic of the Chinese and North Koreans. And if A2/AD did escalate into a shooting war, it could operate in the danger zone while U.S. offensive actions turned the tables.

In World War II, the Japanese super-battleships  Yamato and Musahi each mounted nine 18.1-inch guns, the largest naval guns ever deployed, but they never sank a single American ship. In a conflict decided by naval aviation,  Yamato and Musahi were used mainly as flagships and troop transports. Despite their huge armaments, they were steel dinosaurs from an earlier strategic age.

But how do you sink a steel dinosaur? The answer is: “with difficulty.” It took eleven torpedoes and six bombs to sink the  Yamato. The  Musahi took nineteen torpedoes and seventeen bombs. And at the time they were sunk, both ships were already limping along on patch-up repairs from earlier torpedo strikes. They may have been strategically useless, but the  Yamato and Musahi were almost (if not quite) indestructible.

Naval construction requires decades of advance planning, and naval planners are always at risk of fighting the last war. Since the end of World War II, U.S. naval planning has revolved around the aircraft carrier. But world wars are few and far between, and other missions abound. When it comes to countering the rise of China, some of the most frequent missions are freedom of navigation operations (FONOPs) requiring no fighting at all.

Over the last several years China has become increasingly aggressive in asserting  illegal maritime claims  in the South China Sea. In response, the United States regularly conducts FONOPs,  sailing destroyers  within twelve nautical miles of China’s artificial islands to repudiate Beijing’s claims to sovereign territorial waters. So far, China has been sensible enough not to challenge any of these operations.

But a destroyer is a fragile fish. In June last year the  USS Fitzgerald was put out of action by a collision with a container ship, with the loss of seven lives—on the destroyer. Then in August the  USS John S. McCain  was nearly sunk by an oil tanker. Ten sailors lost their lives. The tanker suffered no injuries. Leaving aside the issue of poor seamanship, these two collisions illustrated a potentially more serious shortcoming of today’s naval ships: poor survivability. Navy ships used to threaten oil tankers, not the other way around.    [FULL  STORY]

CBS News 
Date: February  20, 2019 
By: Dan Patterson, Graham Kates

China’s Huawei is one of the world’s largest telecommunications companies — millions of people use their phones, and its equipment and technology make it the driving force in 5G, the emerging standard that promises blazing-fast speed on wireless networks.

But Huawei is also caught in a fight with the U.S. government, which alleges it works with the Chinese government to steal from U.S. companies, and that it has illegally done business with Iran.

Huawei’s founder and president, Ren Zhengfei, denied the allegations in an interview with “CBS This Morning” co-host Bianna Golodryga, his first TV interview with an American journalist.

“We never participate in espionage and we do not allow any of our employees to do any act like that,” he said. “And we absolutely never install backdoors. Even if we were required by Chinese law, we would firmly reject that.”    [FULL  STORY]